SIO Office of the Director. Annual Reports, 1893 - 1992
2011-50

Summary Information

Repository
Scripps Institution of Oceanography Archives
Creator
Frieman, Edward Allan, 1926-
Creator
Nierenberg, William Aaron, 1919-2000
Creator
Ritter, William Emerson, 1856-1944
Creator
Sverdrup, Harald Ulrik, 1888-1957
Creator
Vaughan, Thomas Wayland, 1870-1952
Title
SIO Office of the Director. Annual Reports
ID
2011-50
Date
1893 - 1992
Extent
0.98 Cubic feet : 1 legal manuscript box, 1.5 manuscript boxes
Language
English

Preferred Citation

SIO Office of the Director, Annual Reports, 1893-1992, 2011-50. Scripps Institution of Oceanography Archives, UC San Diego Libraries.

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Administrative History

Scripps Institution of Oceanography had its roots in a summer marine biological station conducted by professor William E. Ritter for the University of California’s Zoology Department. Ritter’s goal was to carry out “a biological survey of that part of the Pacific Ocean adjacent to the coast of California.”

The first summer session was held at Pacific Grove in 1892, followed by Santa Catalina Island in 1893. Further “expeditions to the seaside” by the Biology Department are mentioned in the University’s Biennial Report of 1894-1896, and research “both hydrographic and biological” was conducted at San Pedro from 1901-1902 (Biennial Report, December 1902.)

By 1903, the summer program had been moved to a boathouse at the Hotel del Coronado in San Diego. The Marine Biological Association of San Diego was established on September 26, 1903 with Ritter as the scientific director. Financial support was secured from E.W. Scripps, Ellen Browning Scripps, Dr. Fred Baker, and other citizens of San Diego.

According to their By-Laws, the general purpose of the Marine Biological Association of San Diego was “to carry on a biological and hydrographic survey of the waters of the Pacific Ocean adjacent to the coast of Southern California; to build and maintain a public aquarium and museum; and to prosecute such other kindred undertakings as the Board of Trustees may from time to time deem it wise to enter upon.”

From 1905-1910, the biological station was located at La Jolla Cove in the “little green laboratory,” and in 1910, the institution moved to its present location in La Jolla on Pueblo Lot 1298, which was acquired from the City of San Diego. The Marine Biological Association of San Diego transferred the station to the University of California in 1912, as was their original intent, and it was renamed the Scripps Institution for Biological Research.

Ritter continued as scientific director of the institution, now open year-round, until his retirement in 1923. The next director, T. Wayland Vaughan, focused the institution’s research on oceanography and renamed it the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in 1925.

Graduate degrees were awarded by the University of California at Berkeley for research conducted at Scripps Institution of Oceanography until 1936, when the University of California at Los Angeles began to award graduate degrees. In 1960, the University of California at San Diego was established in La Jolla, and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography became a graduate school of that university.

Directors of Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 1903-1996:

William Emerson Ritter 1903-1923

Thomas Wayland Vaughan 1924-1936

Harald Ulrik Sverdrup 1936-1948

Carl Henry Eckart 1948-1950

Roger Randall Dougan Revelle 1951-1964

Fred Noel Spiess 1964-1965

William Aaron Nierenberg 1965-1985

Edward Allen Frieman 1986-1996

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Scope and Contents

The SIO Office of the Director Annual Reports consist of annual and biennial reports for the years 1893-1992 of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, the Scripps Institution for Biological Research, the Marine Biological Association of San Diego, and the summer marine biological laboratories run by William E. Ritter for the University of California.

Only excerpts are available of the reports for the years 1893-1908. The earliest reports were written by “the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State.” The first volume of bound reports includes a 1903 report by director William E. Ritter to the San Diego Chamber of Commerce’s Marine Laboratory Committee.

From 1908-1931, the reports were written by director of the Institution to the president of the University. Excerpts from the President’s Report are available again for the years 1932-1936. The July 1939 report by Harald Sverdrup is the first report titled the “Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Report.”

Additional reports for the years 1930-1946 are available in collection 81-144. No reports are available for the years 1947-1966. In 1962, acting director Fred N. Spiess proposed an annual report to the Chancellor York, but it was not until 1967 that annual reports were again published under director William A. Nierenberg. Beginning in 1993, the annual reports were included in issues of Explorations magazine published by Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

The reports include information on research activities, personnel, facilities, funding, ships, publications, visitors, cooperative investigations, scientific meetings, instruction, lectures, students, administration, expeditions, collections, and expenditures of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Issues from 1967-1992 include an introduction by the director and organization charts of the institution.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Scripps Institution of Oceanography Archives

University of California San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive #0219
La Jolla, California, 92093-0219

Provenance

SIO Annual Reports were received by the Scripps Archives from various sources. Most were kept in Archives Reference, and some were bound by the Archives. Additional SIO Annual Reports for 1930-1946 can be found in collection 81-144.

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Related Materials

Related Collections

The Scripps Archives also has the following collections related to the SIO Office of the Director Annual Reports, 1893-1992:

81-144, SIO Office of the Director, Annual Reports, 1930-1946

82-52, SIO Technical Publications Office, Photographs, 1967-1981 (contains photographs used in the SIO Annual Reports)

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Controlled Access Headings

Subject(s)

  • Catalina Island--History
  • Coronado (San Diego, Calif.)--History
  • La Jolla (San Diego, Calif.)--History
  • Marine Biological Association of San Diego
  • San Pedro (Los Angeles, Calif.)--History
  • Scripps Institution for Biological Research
  • Scripps Institution of Oceanography--History
  • University of California, Berkeley--Zoology Department--History
  • University of California, San Diego--History.

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Collection Inventory

Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Report of the Director, 1893, 1900-1930 

Excerpt, Biennial Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State, 1893 


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Excerpt, Biennial Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State,1900-1902 


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Excerpt, Biennial Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State, 1902-1904. December 1904 


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Report of Professor W.E. Ritter as Director of the San Diego Biological Laboratory for the Summer of 1903, to the Marine Laboratory Committee of the Chamber of Commerce of San Diego, 1903 


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Excerpt, Biennial Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State, 1904-1906. December 1906 


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Excerpt, Biennial Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State 1906-1908. October 1908 


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Biennial Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State, 1908-1910. Marine Biological Station, San Diego, 1 July 1910 


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President's Biennial Report, 1910-1911. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1912 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1912-1913. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1913 


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Annual Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Regents to His Excellency the Governor of the State of California, 1913-1914. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1914 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1914-1915. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1915 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1915-1916. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1916 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1916-1917. Scripps Institution of Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1917 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1917-1918. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1918 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1918-1919. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1919 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1919-1920. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1920 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1920-1921. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1921 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1921-1922. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1922 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1922-1923 Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1923 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1923-1924. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1924 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1924-1925 and 1925-1926. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1925 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1924-1925 and 1925-1926. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1926 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1926-1927 and 1927-1928. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1927 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1926-1927 and 1927-1928. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1928 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1928-1929 and 1929-1930. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1929 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1928-1929 and 1929-1930. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1930 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Reports of the Director, 1893-1896, 1900-1936 

Excerpt, Biennial Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State, 1893 


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Excerpt, Biennial Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State, 1896 


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Excerpt, Biennial Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State, 1900-1902. December 1902 


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Excerpt, Biennial Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State, 1902-1904. December 1904 


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Excerpt, Biennial Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State,1904-1906. December 1906 


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Excerpt, Biennial Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State, 1906-1908. November 1908 


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Biennial Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State, 1908-1910. Marine Biological Station, San Diego, 1 July 1910 


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Biennial Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State, 1910-1912. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1912 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1912-1913. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1913 


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Annual Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Board of Regents, to His Excellency the Governor of the State, 1913-1914. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1914 


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Annual Report of the President of the University. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1915 


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Annual Report of the President of the University. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1916 


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Annual Report of the President of the University. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1917 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1917-1918. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1918 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1918-1919. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1919 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1919-1920. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1920 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1920-1921. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1921 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1921-1922. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1922 


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Annual Report of the President of the University. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, 1 July 1923 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1923-1924. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1924 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1924-1925 and 1925-1926. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1925 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1924-1925 and 1925-1926. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1926 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1926-1927 and 1927-1928. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1927 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1926-1927 and 1927-1928. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1928 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1928-1929 and 1929-1930. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1929 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1928-1929 and 1929-1930. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1930 


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Excerpt, University of California Report of the President, 1930-1932. December 1932 


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Excerpt, Report of the President of the University of California, 1932-1934 


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Excerpt, University of California Report of the President, 1934-1936. January 1937 


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Scripps Institution for Biological Research of the University of California, 1912 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1923-1924. Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1924 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1924-1925 and 1925-1926 

Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla, 1 July 1925 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1926 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1926-1927 and 1927-1928 

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1927 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1928 


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Annual Report of the President of the University, 1928-1929 and 1929-1930 

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1929 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, 1 July 1930 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Report, 1939, 1931 

Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Report, 1 July 1939 


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Annual Report of the Director to the President of the University of California for the Year 1 July 1930 to 30 June 1931. La Jolla, 1 July 1931 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Reports, 1967-1972 

SIO 1967. Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Report for the Year Ending 30 June 1967 


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SIO 1968. Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Report for the Year Ending 30 June 1968 


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SIO 1970. Annual Reports for the Two Years Ending 30 June 1970. Scripps Institution of Oceanography 


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SIO 1971. A Report on the Work and Programs of Scripps Institution of Oceanography for the Year Ending 30 June 1971 


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SIO 1972. Annual Report for the Year Ending 30 June 1972. Scripps Institution of Oceanography 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Reports, 1973-1976 

SIO 1973. Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Report Ending 30 June 1973 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography. SIO Annual Report 1974 Ending 30 June 1974 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography. SIO Annual Report 1975 Ending 30 June 1975 


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SIO. Scripps Institution of Oceanography 1976 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Reports, 1977-1980 

Scripps Institution of Oceanography 1977 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 75th Anniversary Edition, 1978 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography 1979 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 1980 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Reports, 1981-1985 

Scripps Institution of Oceanography 1981 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography 1982 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Report, 1983 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Report, 1984 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Report, 1985 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Report, 1986 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Report, 1987 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Report, 1988 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography Annual Report, 1989 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography 1990 Annual Report 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography 1991 Annual Report 


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Scripps Institution of Oceanography 1992 Annual Report 


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